Gypsum sedimentary rock. Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrat...

Feb 22, 2023 · Clastic Sedimentary Rocks. How Clastic Sediment

Rock gypsum is a chemical precipitate formed by the evaporation of cencentrated solutions such as seawater. It ranges in texture from massive/granular to fibrous depending on the size and shape of the …The sulphate minerals are quite numerous (see Table 1), but only gypsum and anhydrite form extensive masses in sedimentary sequences. Other minerals, which.a. physical weathering predominates and there is little chemical weathering b. physical weathering breaks boulders directly into spherical cobbles and pebbles c. chemical weathering attacks corners and edges of rock more rapidly than its interior d. chemical weathering works at a uniform rate throughout the rock. economic natural resources involve sedimentary rocks. Resources such as coal, oil, natural gas, gypsum, aggregate (sand and gravel), and salt are all found within sediments. Sedimentary Structures . Sedimentary structures such as stratification (layering), ripple marks, cross-bedding, and mudcracks can be preserved in sedimentary rocks. These chemical materials after being settled down and compacted and cemented form chemical sedimentary rocks such as gypsum and salt rocks. 3. Organically Formed Sedimentary Rocks: The sediments derived from the disintegration or decomposition of plants and animals are called organic sediments. These sediments after being depos­ited …Sedimentary Rocks. Long before molten rock pushed up to form the Tower, other rocks were forming from different origins. Sand and silt left behind by ancient rivers and shallow seas were buried and compacted. Gypsum deposits formed as water evaporated. Creatures big and small - from dinosaurs to clams - left their marks.Origins of Sedimentary Rocks (Part 2) Chemical Sedimentary Rocks. Chemical sedimentary rocks form from sediment particles that were inorganically precipitated from liquids. Examples include limestone and gypsum. Microcrystalline limestone (Photograph by Parvinder Sethi) Microcrystalline limestone is an example of an inorganically precipitated ...Check all that apply. ice, heat, water, wind. The rock pictured here is gypsum. This rock forms in ocean lagoons that are high in dissolved calcium and sulfate. The warm ocean water slowly evaporates, and the calcium and sulfate crystalize, forming gypsum. What type of sedimentary rock is gypsum?Characteristics of sedimentary rocks are described in Pellant p. 38-41and 44-45; Marshak, p. 176-186. Texture: Sedimentary rocks may have clastic (detrital) or non-clastic texture. Clastic sedimentary rocks are composed of grains, fragments of pre-existing rocks that have been packed together with spaces (pores) between grains. TheseGypsum grains in the White Sands National Monument are different. They are not the product of disintegration of rocks. These grains are formed in the salty brines which get their high dissolved gypsum from the gypsum containing sedimentary rocks nearby. White gypsum dunes of the White Sands National Monument in New Mexico, USA.Gypsum is one of the more common minerals in sedimentary environments. It is a major rock forming mineral that produces massive beds, usually from precipitation out of highly saline waters. Since it forms easily from saline water, gypsum can have many inclusions of other minerals and even trapped bubbles of air and water. In contrast, carbonate minerals (calcite and dolomite) and silica often precipitate early during evaporation. Silica (SiO 2), in the form of chert, is the only silicate mineral that commonly forms a chemical sedimentary rock. Gypsum (CaSO 4 •2H 2 O), anhydrite (CaSO 4), halite (NaCl), and sylvite (KCl) consist of common elements. Ggypsum and ...Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Chemical Texture Nonclastic; Fine-grained Composition Gypsum Color Pink Miscellaneous Crystalline; Hardness < Fingernail Depositional Environment Arid Climate; Shallow, restricted circulation MarineGypsum rock is made of the mineral gypsum. Chalcedony is made of microcrystalline quartz, quartz grains so tiny that they cannot be distinguished even with a standard optical microscope. Table 2 shows some common types of sedimentary rocks. Biochemical Textures. Biochemical sedimentary rocks form with the help of past life. This can be in the ...Gypsum: chemicals: scratches glass, conchoidal fracture, like flint: Chert: Clastic Sedimentary Rocks. How Clastic Sedimentary Rocks are Formed: Pre‑existing rock undergoes chemical and mechanical weathering by roots, acid rainwater, gravity, wind, and water.Gypsum rock is made of the mineral gypsum. Chalcedony is made of microcrystalline quartz, quartz grains so tiny that they cannot be distinguished even with a standard optical microscope. Table 2 shows some common types of sedimentary rocks. Biochemical Textures. Biochemical sedimentary rocks form with the help of past life. This can be in the ...24 thg 9, 2023 ... Rock gypsum is a chemical sedimentary rock that forms from the evaporation of water containing dissolved calcium and sulfate. As the water ...Dolomite is a common rock-forming mineral. It is a calcium magnesium carbonate with a chemical composition of CaMg (CO 3) 2. It is the primary component of the sedimentary rock known as dolostone and the metamorphic rock known as dolomitic marble. Limestone that contains some dolomite is known as dolomitic limestone.Gypsum is also used in the production of cement and for agricultural applications, where it acts as a soil amendment, a conditioner and a fertilizer. Smaller quantities of high-purity gypsum are used in glassmaking and metal smelting. Indiana is rich in sedimentary rocks that have been formed over thousands of years.Gypsum is one of the more common minerals in sedimentary environments. It is a major rock forming mineral that produces massive beds, usually from precipitation out of highly saline waters. Since it forms easily from saline water, gypsum can have many inclusions of other minerals and even trapped bubbles of air and water.Gypsum is a common mineral, with thick and extensive evaporite beds in association with sedimentary rocks. Deposits are known to occur in strata from as far back as the Archaean eon. Gypsum is deposited from lake and sea water, as well as in hot springs, from volcanic vapors, and sulfate solutions in veins.Shale is a soft, brittle, fine-grained, and easily eroded sedimentary rock formed from mineral-rich silt, or mud, that was deposited in an aquatic environment, buried by other sediment, and compacted and cemented into hard rock. When exposed at the surface by erosion, shale weathers into thin layers called plates.On Earth, argillaceous materials and evaporites commonly serve as caprock materials for gas fields, gypsum salt rock exhibiting the most effective sealing …Salt is a sedimentary rock found in bedded deposits formed from the evaporation of salty water. People have used rock salt in industry, agriculture, medicine, and as a seasoning for thousands of years. ... Crystals or massive inclusions of other evaporite minerals, such as gypsum, anhydrite, or sylvite are common. Reflection of light by any included material …... sedimentary rock of chemical origin. It is a very common mineral and can form mono-mineral sedimentary rocks. The mineral gypsum crystallizes in the ...Gypsum Chemical precipitate Dolostone Chemical precipitate Limestone Bioclastic (sediments from organic materials, or plant or animal remains) ... Uses of Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rocks are used as building stones, although they are not as hard as igneous or metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rocks are used in construction. …Rock salt is the name of a sedimentary rock that consists almost entirely of halite, a mineral composed of sodium chloride, NaCl. It forms where large volumes of sea water or salty lake water evaporate from an arid-climate basin -- where there is a replenishing flow of salt water and a restricted input of other water. Gypsum, a soft non-metallic mineral, almost exclusively forms in sedimentary settings, as seawater is evaporated or as dissolved ions precipitate from groundwater. Its mineral structure still contains some water though. Sep 9, 2023 · Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate (CaSO4·2H2O). It is commonly found in sedimentary rock formations and is often associated with other minerals such as anhydrite, halite, and sulfur. The name “gypsum” is derived from the Greek word “gypsos,” which means “plaster” or “chalk.” The table below includes specific environments where various types of sediments are deposited and common rocks, structures, and fossils that aid in deducing the depositional environment from examining a sedimentary rock outcrop. Although this is not a complete list, it is a good introduction to depositional environments. Continental. Transitional.Medium-grained rocks can be composed of quartz grains, feldspar grains (arkose), or rock fragments and clay (graywacke). Medium-sized grains in clastic sedimentary rocks form sandstone. This sample is a quartz sandstone. • Fine-grained (<1/16 mm) rocks are generally called mudrocks. They include siltstone and shale.Nonclastic sedimentary rocks form from chemical reactions, chiefly in the ocean. Nonclastic and clastic sedimentary rocks are the only members of the rock family that contain fossils as well as indicators of the climate that was present when the rock was formed. ... Rock gypsum = composed of the mineral gypsum; formed by evaporation …As a rock, gypsum is a sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers. The result is the accumulation of large beds of sedimentary gypsum. Because it is deposited in this environment, it is common for gypsum to be associated with rock salt and sulfur deposits.The formation of a clastic sediment and sedimentary rocks involves five processes: Weathering - The first step is transforming solid rock into smaller fragments or dissolved ions by physical and chemical weathering as discussed in the last lecture.; Erosion - Erosion is actually many processes which act together to lower the surface of the earth. In terms …Question is ⇒ Gypsum is a, Options are ⇒ (A) mechanically formed sedimentary rock, (B) igneous rock, (C) chemically precipitated sedimentary rock, ...Sedimentary rocks are characterised by their formation from the deposition and lithification of rock material. They may be formed through physical and chemical processes, such as mechanical weathering, compaction and dissolving of rock mate...Gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock from the slow evaporation of seawater. James Petts From: Wikimedia is licensed under: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license. Rock salt is composed of the mineral halite (sodium chloride, NaCl, common table salt) which defining characteristics include that it tastes salty and ... Gypsum, common sulfate mineral of great commercial importance, composed of hydrated calcium sulfate. It occurs in …As a rock, gypsum is a sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers. It forms in lagoons where ocean waters high in calcium and sulfate content can slowly evaporate …Sedimentary rocks are characterised by their formation from the deposition and lithification of rock material. They may be formed through physical and chemical processes, such as mechanical weathering, compaction and dissolving of rock mate...Detrital Sedimentary Rocks. Detrital sedimentary rocks form from detritus, the rock and mineral fragments that are transported by gravity, water, ice, or wind. Detrital sediments are classified by grain size. Detritus is classified by its grain size. Grains larger than 2 millimeters are called gravel . Grains between 1/16 mm and 2 mm are called ...Aug 20, 2009 · Overheads shown in Lab. SEDIMENTARY ROCK: Made from sediments consolidated at the earth's surface. The sediments are deposited at the earth's surface by water, wind, glacial ice, or bio-chemical processes. Typically the sediments are deposited in layers under COOL conditions [thereby distinguishing it from a layered volcanic rock (TUFF)]. An evaporite ( / ɪˈvæpəˌraɪt /) is a water- soluble sedimentary mineral deposit that results from concentration and crystallization by evaporation from an aqueous solution. [1] There are two types of evaporite deposits: marine, which can also be described as ocean deposits, and non-marine, which are found in standing bodies of water such ...The characteristics and distinguishing features of clastic sedimentary rocks are summarized in Table 6.2. Mudrock is composed of at least 75% silt- and clay-sized fragments. If it is dominated by clay, it is called claystone. If it shows evidence of bedding or fine laminations, it is shale; otherwise it is mudstone.Gypsum, a soft non-metallic mineral, almost exclusively forms in sedimentary settings, as seawater is evaporated or as dissolved ions precipitate from groundwater. Its mineral …Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Chemical Texture Nonclastic; Fine-grained Composition Gypsum Color Pink Miscellaneous Crystalline; Hardness < Fingernail Depositional Environment Arid Climate; Shallow, restricted circulation Marine Detrital Sedimentary Rocks. Detrital sedimentary rocks form from detritus, the rock and mineral fragments that are transported by gravity, water, ice, or wind. Detrital sediments are classified by grain size. Detritus is classified by its grain size. Grains larger than 2 millimeters are called gravel . Grains between 1/16 mm and 2 mm are called ...Sedimentary Rocks: Calcite is a major component of various sedimentary rocks, most notably limestone and its metamorphic counterpart, marble. Limestone formations can be massive and extensive, representing ancient marine environments where calcite-rich shells and skeletons accumulated. ... Gypsum: In caves, calcite and …Sandstone. Limestone is dominated by the mineral _______. Calcite. An igneous rock that cools rapidly is likely to have _____ crystals. Small. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Obsidian is characterized by its ______ texture., Detrital sedimentary rocks are classified and named principally on the basis of ...Tendency to chemical cement. Ash: unconsolidated fragments under. 4 mm. Tuff: consolidated ash. Volcanic Breccia: angular fragments over 4 mm. Agglomerate: large proportion (>25%) of bombs. These rocks are classified on the proportions of vitric, crystal (mineral), or lithic material they contain, for example, "vitric lithic ash," or "crystal ... One hundred pounds of gypsum rock contains approximately 21 pounds (or 10 quarts) of chemically combined water. Gypsum rock is mined or quarried, crushed and ground into a fine powder. In a process called calcining, the powder is heating to approximately 350 degrees F, driving off three fourths of the chemically combined water.It means that Gypsum is the sedimentary deposit, that is to say, it is deposited by the action or the work of wind or the water, usually in the bottom of the water body. In particular, Sulfate is deposited from the natural brine that occurs in the ocean, which is then followed by anhydrite and halite. ... Gigantic gypsums are formed beneath layers …A Basic Sedimentary Rock Classification. A good classification is based on some theory that explains how the rocks form, and are related to each other. We want to group together rocks that form by similar processes. The most general theoretical model we have for sedimentary rocks is the simple ideal model. The basic classification is based on ...Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock.It is a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite and originally formed deep under the sea by the compression of microscopic plankton that had settled to the sea floor.Chalk is common throughout Western Europe, where deposits underlie parts of France, and steep cliffs are …Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary rocks are one of the three main types of rocks found on Earth, along with igneous and metamorphic rocks. They are formed through the accumulation, compaction, and cementation of various sediments over time. Sediments are fragments of rocks, minerals, organic material, and even chemical precipitates that have been ... Sedimentary Rocks. Table A: The Udden-Wentworth grain-size scale for classifying sediments and the grains that make up clastic sedimentary rocks; Type Description Size range (millimetres, mm) Size range (microns, μm) Boulder: large: 1024 and up: ... Rock salt: Gypsum (CaSO 4 ·H 2 O) Crystalline: Crystalline; fine to coarse grained; hardness ~2 …sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock - Clastic, Chemical, Organic: The texture of a sandstone is the sum of such attributes as the clay matrix, the size and sorting of the detrital grains, and the roundness of these particles. To evaluate this property, a scale of textural maturity that involved four textural stages was devised in 1951. 37.1—Sedimentary-rock lithologic patterns 37—LITHOLOGIC PATTERNS [Lithologic patterns are usually reserved for use on stratigraphic columns, ... rock 667 Gypsum 668 Salt 669 Interbedded sandstone and siltstone 670 Interbedded sandstone and shale 671 Interbedded ripple-bedded sandstone and shale 672Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ). It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Early people took advantage of how chert breaks and used it to fashion ...Gypsum is considered both a sedimentary rock and a mineral. Its chemical formula is CaSO 4 ∙2H 2 O. Because gypsum formed when ancient seas evaporated in Oklahoma during Permian time (299-251 million years ago), geologists classify it as an evaporite. Western Oklahoma has many large deposits of gypsum totaling trillions of tons (Figure 1). Detrital sedimentary rocks, also called clastic sedimentary rocks, are composed of rock fragments that have been weathered from pre-existing rocks. They are the most common rocks on the surface of ...The key to naming chemical sedimentary rocks is the minerals from which they are made. For example, all limestones consist mostly of the mineral calcite. Coal is made of carbon. …Detritral sedimentary rocks are made from solid particles derived from outside the depositional basis 2. Chemical sedimentary rocks are formed by precipitation of ions from solution within the depositional basin. ... Rock Gypsum is a chemical precipitate that is composed almost exclusively of the mineral gypsum. Gypsum commonly ranges in …Sedimentary rocks are formed on or near the Earth's surface, in contrast to metamorphic and igneous rocks, which are formed deep within the Earth. The most important geological processes that lead to the creation of sedimentary rocks are erosion, weathering, dissolution, precipitation, and lithification.. Erosion and weathering include the effects of wind and rain, which slowly break down ...USES. Gypsum is an industrially important mineral. It is the primary ingredient of plaster-of-Paris, which is finely ground Gypsum, and it is used in the production of cement. It is also the main component of sheet rock. It is used as a flux for creating earthenware, and can be used as a fertilizer. Sedimentary rock - Evaporites, Deposits, Minerals: Evaporites are layered crystalline sedimentary rocks that form from brines generated in areas where the amount of water lost by evaporation exceeds the total amount of water from rainfall and influx via rivers and streams. The mineralogy of evaporite rocks is complex, with almost 100 varieties possible, but less than a dozen species are ... 24 ມ.ກ. 2023 ... Gypsum is a commonly found mineral associated with sedimentary rock and deposits from seas, lakes, and volcanic springs (Gypcrete). For a ...Sedimentary Rocks and the Rock Cycle - South Carolina Department of Natural ResourcesLearn about the formation, classification, and characteristics of sedimentary rocks, one of the three major rock types in the Earth's crust. This PDF presentation also explains how sedimentary rocks are involved in the rock cycle, the continuous process of changing rocks from one type to another. Explore the ...Composition of Sedimentary Rocks (Part 3). Gypsum and Halite. Gypsum, shown left, and halite, shown right, are common examples of evaporitic sedimentary ...Sedimentary rocks can be organized into two categories. The first is detrital rock, which comes from the erosion and accumulation of rock fragments, sediment, or other materials—categorized in total as detritus, or debris. The other is chemical rock, produced from the dissolution and precipitation of minerals.Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary rocks are one of the three main types of rocks found on Earth, along with igneous and metamorphic rocks. They are formed through the accumulation, compaction, and cementation of various sediments over time. Sediments are fragments of rocks, minerals, organic material, and even chemical precipitates that have been ...Hydrogenous sedimentary rock. Selenite is a common form of mineral form gypsum (CaS04 nH20) and can be found in many locations throughout the ...Gypsum is a mineral found in crystal as well as masses called gypsum rock. It is a very soft mineral and it can form very pretty, and sometimes extremely large colored crystals. Massive gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers.Gypsum is a soft, light-colored sedimentary rock deposited in ancient seas that covered Ohio during the Silurian Period. It occurs in both mineral form (selenite) and as a rock in bedded layers. Gypsum occurs interbedded with salt (halite, NaCl) and anhydrite (CaSO 4 ). Gypsum is used in drywall, Portland cement, plaster, bakery products, and ...Sedimentary rocks can be organized into two categories. The first is detrital rock, which comes from the erosion and accumulation of rock fragments, sediment, or other materials—categorized in total as detritus, or debris. The other is chemical rock, produced from the dissolution and precipitation of minerals.Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2). It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Early people took advantage of how chert breaks and used it to fashion cutting tools and …In this article we will list out several known examples of sedimentary rocks as well as some that are not so well known. We will go into some detail into the three types of sedimentary rocks as well so as to give you a feel for the sedimentary rock types. Some examples of sedimentary rocks: Coal. Limestone. Dolomite.Sedimentary rocks were originally sediments, which were compacted under high pressure. Igneous rocks formed when liquid magma or lava — magma that has emerged onto the surface of the Earth—cooled and hardened. A metamorphic rock, on the other hand, began as a rock—either a sedimentary, igneous, or even a different sort of …Anhydrite (CaSO 4) and gypsum (CaSO 4 ·2H 2 O) are the two most abundant minerals of ancient marine evaporite deposits and are also common in non-marine evaporite deposits. . Sedimentary gypsum forms by direct precipitation out of evaporating seawater under arid climatic conditions in hydrologically restricted marine and marginal marine environments (e.g., tidal flats, coastal lagoons ...Clastic or detrital sedimentary rocks are made from pieces of bedrock, sediment, derived primarily by mechanical weathering. Clastic rocks may also include chemically weathered sediment. Clastic rocks are classified by grain shape, grain size, and sorting. Chemical sedimentary rocks are precipitated from water saturated with dissolved minerals. Rock Gypsum. Rock gypsum is composed of the very soft mineral gypsum which defining characteristic is that it can be scratched with a fingernail. It is typically white to very pale pink or tan. Gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock from the slow evaporation of seawater.Formation of Sedimentary Rocks: There are two types of sedimentary rocks. The first is clastic sedimentary rocks made from small fragments of other rocks. The second is chemical sedimentary rocks formed when mineral-rich water leaves a deposit. Answer and Explanation: 1 Description Gypsum is a mineral found in crystal as well as masses called gypsum rock. It is a very soft mineral and it can form very pretty, and sometimes extremely large colored crystals. Massive gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers. In contrast, carbonate minerals (calcite and dolomite) and silica often precipitate early during evaporation. Silica (SiO 2), in the form of chert, is the only silicate mineral that commonly forms a chemical sedimentary rock. Gypsum (CaSO 4 •2H 2 O), anhydrite (CaSO 4), halite (NaCl), and sylvite (KCl) consist of common elements. Ggypsum and ...Apr 23, 2023 · Evaporite deposits: Evaporite deposits, such as halite (rock salt) and gypsum, can form in sedimentary basins through the evaporation of water, leaving behind concentrated minerals that precipitate and accumulate. These deposits are economically important as sources of salt, gypsum, and other minerals. Salt is a sedimentary rock found in bedded deposits formed from the evaporation of salty water. People have used rock salt in industry, agriculture, medicine, and as a seasoning for thousands of years. ... Crystals or massive inclusions of other evaporite minerals, such as gypsum, anhydrite, or sylvite are common. Reflection of light by any included material …Gypsum is mined from sedimentary rock formations around the world. It takes the form of crystals which can at times be found projecting from rock – leading to its old English name of the Spear Stone. The largest gypsum quarries in Europe are found in France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the UK. There is also evidence of gypsum dunes on ... Chemical sedimentary rocks are identified by identifying the mineral from which they are composed. In this lab there are four minerals that need to be identified - quartz, halite, gypsum and calcite. Quartz has a hardness of 7 and is very difficult to scratch, even with a good quality knife blade. Gypsum is relatively soft (Hardness =2) …Rock Field News: This is the News-site for the company Rock Field on Markets Insider Indices Commodities Currencies StocksDiatomite is a sedimentary rock with many uses. It is made up of the siliceous skeletal remains of diatoms, which are tiny single-celled algae. Diatomite is crushed into a powder known as "diatomaceous earth". It is lightweight, porous, relatively inert, and has a small particle size along with a large surface area.. sedimentary rocks of the tertiary period. Oil exploration and proCHEMICAL SEDIMENTARY ROCKS - formed when dissolved substances As a rock, gypsum is a sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers. The result is the accumulation of large beds of sedimentary gypsum. Because it is deposited in this environment, it is common for gypsum to be associated with rock salt and sulfur deposits.5.3.1 Lithification and Diagenesis. Lithification turns loose sediment grains, created by weathering and transported by erosion, into clastic sedimentary rock via three interconnected steps. Deposition happens when friction and gravity overcome the forces driving sediment transport, allowing sediment to accumulate. Nov 23, 2020 · Sedimentary rocks are formed f Apr 23, 2023 · Evaporite deposits: Evaporite deposits, such as halite (rock salt) and gypsum, can form in sedimentary basins through the evaporation of water, leaving behind concentrated minerals that precipitate and accumulate. These deposits are economically important as sources of salt, gypsum, and other minerals. In this lab, we will look at three types of clastic rocks (Figure 10.1, Table 10.1), conglomerate, sandstone, and shale. Conglomerate is an immature sedimentary rock (rock that has been transported a short distance) that is a poorly sorted mixture of clay, sand, and rounded pebbles. The mineralogy of the sand and pebbles (also called clasts ... Clastic or detrital sedimentary rocks are made from pie...

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